Those parts of the Constitution that the Father of the Constitution–James Madison–didn’t want. At all.

From Richard Beeman’s 2009 book, Plain, Honest Men: The Making of the American Constitution, drawing on James Madison’s October 25, 1787 letter to Thomas Jefferson.

“Yet at the moment Madison stepped forward to sign the Constitution, his pride in his accomplishment was almost certainly tempered by the sting of at least a few defeats.

“He was disappointed that the feature giving the federal government a negative on state laws had been deleted from the Constitution, and he continued to feel deeply aggrieved about the compromise that had given the smaller states equal representation in the Senate.

He persisted in believing that the Connecticut Compromise was a serious blow to the fundamental principle that the new government was to be directly representative of the people of the nation and not of the states.

“He was acutely aware that he had not achieved all that he had wished when he first set out to launch his revolution in government.”